The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a nearby satellite galaxy of our own galaxy, the Milky Way. At a distance of slightly less than 160,000 light years, the LMC is the third closest galaxy to the Milky Way. It is visible as a faint 'cloud' in the night sky of the southern hemisphere,raging in the border between the constellations of Dorado and Mensa..

The Discovery:-
      The first recorded mention of the Large Magellanic Cloud was by the Persian astronomer,  
Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, in his Book of Fixed Stars around 964 AD. The next recorded observation was in 1503-05 by Amerigo Vespucci, Discoverer of America in a letter about this third voyage. But it was Fernao de Magalhaes, who was the first to bring the LMC into common knowledge in 1519. The galaxy now bears his name..

What Makes It Unique?
          The LMC is full of a wide range of galactic objects and phenomena that make it aptly known as an "astronomical treasure-house, a great celestial laboratory for the study of the growth and evolution of the stars". Surveys of the galaxy have found roughly 60 globular clusters, 400 planetary nebulae and 700 open clusters, along with hundreds of thousands of giant and super giant stars. It is home to the Tarantula Nebula, the most active star-forming region.
       It has a mass equivalent to approximately 10 billion times the mass of our Sun, making it roughly 1/10th as massive as the Milky Way. Like many irregular galaxies, the lmc is rich in gas and dust.

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